All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (2024)

Trying to identify the hummingbird zipping around your yard?

Hummingbirds are one of the most fascinating creatures that you can find in your backyard. It really helps to know what species of hummingbirds live in Washington.

While the list below contains all the usual hummingbirds found in Washington, it’s possible to find a vagrant species of hummingbird that’s not native to Washington. This is rare but not unheard of.

The following legend can be used for each hummingbird species map to determine what time of year you can see each hummingbird in your area.

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (1)
All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (2)

The 7 Hummingbird Species of Washington

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (3)

Anna’s Hummingbird

Calypte anna

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Trochilidae

Size: 3.5 – 4in (9-10cm)

Overview

Originally a native to California, the Anna’s Hummingbird is quite adaptable allowing it to expand its range northward and eastward chasing exotic flowers in urban gardens. It’s named in honor of Anna Massena, the Duchess of Rivoli and a generous patron of science. During the winter Anna’s hummingbird has been observed eating insects such as gnats and even eating sand and ashes – likely to provide essential minerals.

How to Identify

Anna’s Hummingbird is a medium-sized hummingbird with a medium sized straight black. bill. The male sports a red gorget. Unlike the Black-Chinned and Costa’s Hummingbird, Anna’s Hummingbird normally holds its tail still while hovering.

Anna’s Hummingbird Range & Migration Map

Anna’s Hummingbird is a common resident in California but has extended its range north towards the western coast of Washington and southeast to southern part of Arizona. It’s a rare winterer of western Texas.

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (4)

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (5)

Black-Chinned Hummingbird

Archilochus alexandri

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Trochilidae

Size: 3.25 – 3.75 in (8.5 – 9.5cm)

Overview

The Black-Chinned Hummingbird is the western counterpart of the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. The species was named in 1846 to honor its discoverer – Dr Alexandre. It can be found in most types of habitats, including backyards, all over the western United States. It pumps its tail almost constantly while in flight and isn’t picky about what plants it takes nectar from.

How to Identify

The Black-Chinned Hummingbird is a small hummingbird with a medium to long decurved bill and a grey crown. It’s gorget is mostly black with a hint of violet in the correct sunlight.

Black-Chinned Hummingbird Range & Migration Map

The small hummingbird breeds in most the western states, going as far east as eastern Texas. Can be found during the winter in the southern states bordering the Gulf of Mexico.

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (6)

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (7)

Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

Selasphorus platycercus

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Trochilidae

Size: 3.75 – 4in (9.5 – 11cm)

Overview

This medium-sized hummingbird is one of the most hummingbirds of the Rocky Mountains. Their call, which resembles the ringing of tiny bells, is a common sound during the Rocky Mountain summers. Fun fact, a female Broad-Tailed Hummingbird is the oldest known wild hummingbird in the United States reaching a ripe old age of 12 years.

How to Identify

The Broad-Tailed male hummingbird sports a hot pink gorget which contrasts with a white breast. It’s medium-sized with a a decently long tail and straight black bill. It’s a mild-manned hummingbird that is easily bullied by other hummingbirds.

Broad-Tailed Hummingbird Range & Migration Map

The Broad-Tailed Hummingbird breeds from Wyoming and central Idaho down to Mexico. Winters in Mexico and can rarely be found along the Gulf of Mexico states. It prefers mountain forests and woodlands.

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (8)

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (9)

Calliope Hummingbird

Stellula calliope

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Trochilidae

Size: 2.75 – 3.25in (7.5 – 8cm)

Overview

The Calliope Hummingbird is the smallest breeding bird in the United States. In fact, the male weighs less than a penny. The Calliope’s species name is Greek for “beautiful voice” which is rather ironic given that this hummingbird has limited vocal ability. This hummingbird prefers habitats in conifer forests and older growth following forest fires.

How to Identify

The Calliope Hummingbird is a really small bird with a short black bill and short tail. The male sports a red to purple gorget with a white background. It’s very small size should distinguish it from other hummingbirds rather easily.

Calliope Hummingbird Range & Migration Map

The Calliope Hummingbird breeds in the northwestern states starting from northern California. During the winters, it can be found in the states along the Gulf of Mexico. During migration season, they can be found following both the Rocky Mountain and Pacific ranges.

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (10)

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (11)

Costa’s Hummingbird

Calypte costae

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Trochilidae

Size: 3 – 3.5in (7.5 – 9cm)

Overview

The Costa’s Hummingbird is a desert hummingbird that has been edged out of its natural habitat by urbanization. Most commonly found in the Sonoran and Mojave Deserts. It’s named in honor of Louis Costa, who was an early collector of hummingbird specimens.

How to Identify

The “Fu Manchu” gorget of adult males is pretty much impossible to miss and makes the males easy to identify. But the females are easy to confuse with Anna’s or Black-Chinned hummingbirds. Anna’s female hummingbirds have longer and larger bills and longer tails that, unlike Costa’s are rarely seen being “pumped” while in flight.

Costa’s Hummingbird Range & Migration Map

The Costa’s hummingbird breeds in scrub habitats and thrives in the Sonoran and Mojave deserts. It’s a resident in southern California and southwestern Arizona but during the breeding season can be found in northern California and east to central Arizona.

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (12)

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (13)

Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Trochilidae

Size: 3.25 – 3.75 in (8.5 – 9.5cm)

Overview

The ruby-throated hummingbird is one of the most commonly found hummingbirds of the United States. In fact, it’s the only one that breeds east of the Mississippi River. To reach these eastern breeding grounds, the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird takes a perilous route of flying over 500 miles non-stop over the Gulf of Mexico.

How to Identify

This hummingbird is on the smaller side. The male sports a handsome scarlet gorget and a black chin strap which distinguishes it from the Anna’s and Broad-Tailed hummingbirds.

Ruby-Throated Hummingbird Range & Migration Map

The Ruby-Throated hummingbird breeds in eastern United States and prefers hardwood, pine and mixed forests starting in the spring and retreats to Mexico in the winter.

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (14)

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (15)

Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Trochilidae

Size: 3.5 – 4in (9 – 10cm)

Overview

The Rufous Hummingbird breeds farther north than any other hummingbird in the United States. It’s an aggressive species which makes it an unwelcome guest among hummingbird feeders. This hummingbird is an important part of the Pacific Northwest ecosystem, acting as a pollinator where the insects are at a disadvantage due to their cold-bloodedness.

How to Identify

The most distinguishing feature of the Rufous Hummingbird is the male’s rufous gorget that’s hard to miss. It’s a relatively small hummingbird with a short black bill. With the rufous plumage and aggressive behaviour, you’ll have no problem identifying male Rufous Hummingbirds.

Rufous Hummingbird Range & Migration Map

The Rufous Hummingbird breeds from the southeastern tip of Alaska down to the northern most parts of California, going as far east as Montana. During the winter, it migrates down to the Gulf of Mexico states.

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (16)

How to Attract Washington Hummingbirds to Your Yard

Want to see more hummingbirds in your backyard?

We have all the information you need on our site to help you do that. First, we recommend you read our guide on how to attract hummingbirds to your yard. That’ll give you the basics of what’s required to attract hummingbirds.

Then, we’d recommend reading our buyer’s guide on choosing the best hummingbird feeder. Setting up a hummingbird feeder or two is the best way to guarantee that hummingbirds will visit your yard.

There are a bunch of other ways to attract hummingbirds such as getting a bird bath and planting native flowers that attract hummingbirds.

All State Hummingbirds

Want to see what hummingbirds species are found in other states? Here’s our complete list of hummingbirds found in each state:

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
  • All United States Hummingbirds

Insights, advice, suggestions, feedback and comments from experts

Introduction

As an expert and enthusiast, I have access to a vast amount of information on various topics, including hummingbirds. I can provide you with detailed information about different species of hummingbirds found in Washington and their characteristics. Let's dive into the details!

Hummingbird Species in Washington

Washington is home to several species of hummingbirds. Here are the seven hummingbird species commonly found in Washington:

  1. Anna's Hummingbird (Calypte anna):

    • Size: 3.5 - 4 inches (9-10 cm)
    • Overview: Originally native to California, Anna's Hummingbird has expanded its range northward and eastward, often seen in urban gardens. During winter, it has been observed eating insects and even sand and ashes for essential minerals.
    • How to Identify: Medium-sized hummingbird with a straight black bill. Males have a red gorget.
    • Range & Migration: Common resident in California, but its range extends north along the western coast of Washington and southeast to southern Arizona. It is a rare winter visitor to western Texas.
  2. Black-Chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri):

    • Size: 3.25 - 3.75 inches (8.5 - 9.5 cm)
    • Overview: The Black-Chinned Hummingbird is the western counterpart of the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. It can be found in various habitats, including backyards, throughout the western United States.
    • How to Identify: Small hummingbird with a medium to long decurved bill and a grey crown. Males have a mostly black gorget with a hint of violet.
    • Range & Migration: Breeds in most western states, reaching as far east as eastern Texas. During winter, it can be found in the southern states bordering the Gulf of Mexico.
  3. Broad-Tailed Hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercus):

    • Size: 3.75 - 4 inches (9.5 - 11 cm)
    • Overview: The Broad-Tailed Hummingbird is one of the most common hummingbirds in the Rocky Mountains. It is known for its call, which resembles the ringing of tiny bells. The female Broad-Tailed Hummingbird holds the record as the oldest known wild hummingbird in the United States, reaching 12 years of age.
    • How to Identify: Medium-sized hummingbird with a hot pink gorget and a white breast. It has a decently long tail and a straight black bill.
    • Range & Migration: Breeds from Wyoming and central Idaho down to Mexico. Winters in Mexico and can occasionally be found along the Gulf of Mexico states.
  4. Calliope Hummingbird (Stellula calliope):

    • Size: 2.75 - 3.25 inches (7.5 - 8 cm)
    • Overview: The Calliope Hummingbird is the smallest breeding bird in the United States. It prefers habitats in conifer forests and older growth following forest fires.
    • How to Identify: Small hummingbird with a short black bill and short tail. Males have a red to purple gorget with a white background.
    • Range & Migration: Breeds in the northwestern states, starting from northern California. During winter, it can be found in the states along the Gulf of Mexico. During migration, they follow both the Rocky Mountain and Pacific ranges.
  5. Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae):

    • Size: 3 - 3.5 inches (7.5 - 9 cm)
    • Overview: The Costa's Hummingbird is a desert hummingbird that has been affected by urbanization. It is commonly found in the Sonoran and Mojave Deserts.
    • How to Identify: Adult males have a distinctive "Fu Manchu" gorget. Females can be confused with Anna's or Black-Chinned hummingbirds, but they have longer bills and tails.
    • Range & Migration: Breeds in scrub habitats and thrives in the Sonoran and Mojave deserts. It is a resident in southern California and southwestern Arizona but can be found in northern California and central Arizona during the breeding season.
  6. Ruby-Throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris):

    • Size: 3.25 - 3.75 inches (8.5 - 9.5 cm)
    • Overview: The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird is one of the most commonly found hummingbirds in the United States. It is the only hummingbird species that breeds east of the Mississippi River.
    • How to Identify: Smaller hummingbird with a scarlet gorget and a black chin strap.
    • Range & Migration: Breeds in eastern United States and prefers hardwood, pine, and mixed forests. It migrates over 500 miles non-stop across the Gulf of Mexico to reach its eastern breeding grounds. It retreats to Mexico during winter.
  7. Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus):

    • Size: 3.5 - 4 inches (9 - 10 cm)
    • Overview: The Rufous Hummingbird breeds farther north than any other hummingbird in the United States. It is known for its aggressive behavior and acts as an important pollinator in the Pacific Northwest ecosystem.
    • How to Identify: Male Rufous Hummingbirds have a rufous gorget and are relatively small with a short black bill.
    • Range & Migration: Breeds from the southeastern tip of Alaska down to the northernmost parts of California, reaching as far east as Montana. During winter, it migrates to the Gulf of Mexico states.

Attracting Hummingbirds to Your Yard

If you want to attract hummingbirds to your yard in Washington, here are some tips:

  1. Read our guide on how to attract hummingbirds to your yard. It provides the basics of what you need to do to attract these beautiful creatures.
  2. Consider setting up a hummingbird feeder. Our buyer's guide on choosing the best hummingbird feeder can help you select the right one.
  3. Provide other attractions like a bird bath and plant native flowers that attract hummingbirds.

Conclusion

Hummingbirds are fascinating creatures, and Washington is home to several species. By understanding their characteristics and preferences, you can create an inviting environment for these beautiful birds in your own backyard. Enjoy observing and learning more about these incredible creatures!

All 7 Hummingbirds in Washington [With Pictures & Maps] (2024)

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